NEW DELHI: As fears over novel coronavirus infection, or Covid-19 grow, there is the chance of one pressing the panic button at the slightest hint of feeling unwell. TOI presents a ready reckoner so that you don’t do so…

DEATHS
Covid-19 WHO estimates mortality rate at 3.4%
Flu Mortality rate less than 1%
DON’T VISIT ANY HOSPITAL DIRECTLY

1. It could be Covid-19, or just common flu…

SYMPTOMS
➤ Both cause fever, cough, fatigue; sometimes vomiting and diarrhoea
➤ Can be mild or severe, even fatal in rare cases
➤ Can result in pneumonia
TRANSMISSION
➤ Both spread through droplets released by an infected person while coughing, sneezing or talking
➤ Flu can be spread by an infected person for several days before their symptoms appear; Covid-19 is believed to be spread in the same manner, but we don’t yet know for sure
TREATMENT
➤ Neither virus is treatable with antibiotics, which only work on bacterial infections
➤ Both may be treated by addressing symptoms, such as reducing fever. Severe cases may require hospitalisation and support, such as mechanical ventilation.
PREVENTION
Both may be prevented by frequent, thorough hand-washing, staying home when sick and limiting contact with infected people

2.Differences we know for sure

CAUSE
Flu — Caused by any of several different types and strains of infl uenza viruses
Covid-19 — Caused by one virus, the novel 2019 coronavirus, now called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2.
VACCINE
Flu — A vaccine is available and effective to prevent some of the most dangerous types or to reduce the severity
Covid-19 — No vaccine available at this time
INFECTIONS
Flu — Estimated 1 billion cases worldwide
Covid-19 — Over 97,000 cases worldwide

3.Not every person suffering from fever, cough has Covid-19 At present, Covid-19 is being seen only in those with history of travel to affected countries, such as China and Italy, or those who have come in contact with an infected individual
4.What should you do if you still want to get checked for Covid-19

Call Union health ministry’s 24X7 helpline number 01123978046. You can also mail your queries at ncov2019Admin.com
The district surveillance officer will visit you shortly and, if chances of infection are high, you may be transported to designated hospital for test
Govt has placed separate ambulances for transporting suspected cases. Use of public transport isn’t advised
After taking samples, doctors posted at nodal hospitals may assess your physical health to decide whether hospitalisation is needed. Otherwise, you may be asked to stay isolated at home itself
If the tests are positive, you may require to remain quarantined for at least 14 days, till recovery

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